and seated him at his right hand in the heavenly places, far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and above every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come. And he put all things under his feet and gave him as head over all things to the church, which is his body, the fullness of him who fills all in all.
(Ephesians 1:20-21 ESV)
When Jesus was raised from the dead and ascended to heaven forty days later [Acts 1:1-11] God seated Him at His right hand. The right-hand is a symbol of honor, trust, and authority. Someone who is known as someone else’s “right-hand man” is trusted and has the authority to act on behalf of the other. He has the same power as the one he serves.
Likewise, Jesus was given the authority of God the Father such that His (Jesus) authority is “far above” all other rulers and authorities both on earth and in heaven [Philippians 2:8-11]. This includes human beings and angels, even demonic angels. Jesus is supreme.
This is great news. Every enemy that we have – both human and angelic – is already under Christ’s authority (although they may not know it). We, God’s children, therefore have absolutely nothing to fear.
When God sent His son to earth the first time, He sent Him to die for the sins of humanity. He did not come to establish His kingdom, even though many mistakenly believed He would [John 18:36; Matthew 26:51-53]. He came as a humble servant of man to do for us what we could not do for ourselves – cleanse us from our sins and give us right standing before God.
But as we read recently, God’s plan has always been to ultimately bring everything under the dominion of Jesus [Ephesians 1:10] and place Him “above every name” for all eternity. In fact, Mary was told that this was Jesus’ destiny before she ever conceived [Luke 1:30-33]. Old Testament writers knew this as well as evidenced in the Psalms [Psalm 8:6 et. al].
This eternal reign will begin when Jesus arrives on earth for the second time. Initially He will rule over the entire earth for 1,000 years [Revelation 20:4]. This period is unofficially called “The Millenium”. At the end of those 1,000 years the earth will be destroyed, Jesus will send those who did not want anything to do with Him away (thereby effectively giving them what they want for all eternity), and He will set up a new earth and a new heaven over which He will rule forever.
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